This historical monument was built on top of the hill of El-Madania, Algiers within the socio-cultural center of Riadh El-Feth. It was constructed in an ancient district called "les acacias". The museum faces the martyr's memorial. Being close to each other, they symbolize the glorious history of the Algerian people. This place was the theatre of several operations crowned by the victory of our heroes, and where the children of this homeland witnessed the wildest torture practiced by the colonialism.
- This place was also chosen for its historic importance because El-Madania extricates its name of the "brothers Madani»; heroes of the revolution. A Street was baptized by their name.
- This site was a military fort where the fleet of Charles the fifth, king of Spain, was destroyed when he attempted to land in R'mila (les sablettes), today called "Jardin d'Essai" in 1541.
- The historical meeting of the group of 22 in June17th, 1954, hold in El-Madania and precisely in Derriche Lyès' house, near the Central Museum of the Army. It constituted the first step in the itinerary of the Great Liberation War crowned by the Independence of the country.
- This place was chosen by the colonialism to implant the centers of torture where Lagaillarde ; the executioner made the Algerians suffer from the worse bodily cruelties such as the mayhem and crucifixion.