The guest will find samples dating back to 3 million years till 2000 years B.C. Through these objects the visitors can see the different industries of the prehistoric man, among these tools: pebble.

    The Inferior Paleolithic

    Three models were represented:
  • Bifacial: a tool of various shapes with a sharp head and cutting edges.
  • Little axe: a large edged tool, which is straight up on the centerline of the large surface.
  • Trihedral: a tool with a sharp head and a triangular bottom. These objects belong to the Acheulinian civilization.

The Neolithic

    The Central Museum of the Army exposes objects and geometrical fine stones such as bursts, heads of arrows, and scrapers in the shape of a knife, axes and ceramic pottery. The Neolithic industry is of Sudanese origin, it spread in Algeria. It was found in Tamanrasset and in Ameknai and Amounit. There was also another civilization called Capsienne civilization. It was found in the East of the country and particularly in the North of Sahara, then came the Telléenne civilization such as the caves of Polygones and Taroughloudit in Oran.

    These tools were used by the primitive men to protect themselves and to cope with the hard life.

    Agriculture was behind the stability of the primitive Man. Therefore, it favored the formation of tribes. The latter, were always in conflicts and clashes.

The middle Paleolithic

   The visitor can see some types of industry such as the heads of arrows and the awls, which belonged to the Mousterienne civilization in Tassili and Timya's caves near Oued R'hiou, Chlef and Atérienne civilization at Bir El-Ater, Tebessa from where the name of the civilization was taken and Berrar Tagourait, and Ain Taya and then Hydra in Algiers.

The Epipaleolithic

    The visitor can notice the modifications and the evolution of the stone and the appearance of the Ibero-maurisienne civilization and the Capsienne civilization with smooth, light and carefully shaped stones. The sites of the Ibero- Maurisienne civilization: the cave of Mouileh Djelfa Culumnata Tiaret, the cave of Tamarhet, Aflou and Burhummel Bejaia and epipaleolithic: the visitor can notice the modifications and evolution of the industry of the stone, and the appearance of the cave of Rassel Chenoua.
    Sites of Capsienne civilization are at the fortress of El- mahad and Ain- dhekkara (Tebessa) and Ain-bouchrit (Setif) and sites of Culumnata and Ain-kebde (Tiaret).