The liberation war was not a mere stroke of luck. As a matter of fact, a great work had been done that led to the explosion of the volcano of November1st 1954.

    Any visitor to the museum can learn in detail all the steps realised in the political activities to illustrate such reality there are concrete proofs, such as photos, maps, documents and models etc…

    For instance, "the Secret Organization" created in 1947, theRevolutionary Committee for Union and Work created in March 23, 1954.The historical meeting of the group of the 22 which took place in June 24th, 1954.The Proclamation ofNovember (an important document) of the Algerian Revolution.

    To introduce this glorious Revolution the Central Museum of the Army has exhibited the simple arms used in the early stage of the war, such as : hunting guns, cutting weapons and some clothes, as well as French newspapers which reported on the events of the revolution.






    At the beginning of the revolution the national territory was divided into five zones shown on the map below as follows:
  • The First Zone led by Mostefa Ben Boulaid
  • The Second Zone led by DidoucheMourad
  • The Third Zone led by KrimBelkacem
  • The Fourth Zone led by BitatRabah
  • The Fifth Zone led by Larbi Ben M' hidi

    The events of the Revolution and the military operations went on .So there was the Offensive of August 20th ,1955, and the Soummam Congress which took place in August 20th, ,1956. Indeed it was a very important step in the Revolution.





    As a result, the territory was divided into 6 constituencies (wilaya). The military ranks were established and the army was organized in regular divisions. Samples of the military ranks are exhibited in the museum, with the photos of leaders who participated in the congress, in addition to the documents and the model of the house in which the congress took place .

    In the museum, there are different instruments for torture used by the colonizer. The Algerian people suffered a lot from these inhuman acts. For this, a torture room was reserved among the galleries of the museum .The French Army used electricity ,dirty water, manackles and other instruments, in addition to the awful guillotine used in the prison of "Serkadji", Barberousse, for executing the heroes of Algeria. Ahmed Zabana was the first martyr to have been executed by this machine.

    Despite torture and repression, the Revolution did not fail. The Algerian combatants continued winning different battles. Some arms were collected after each victory. Others were brought from friendly countries. Routes for the forwarding of arms were laid out. The combatants managed to cross the electrified lines of Challes and Morice.



    In 1957, the National Army of liberation organized revolutionary activities in Algiers (the Autonomous Zone of Algiers) as well as different towns. Thus, many military operations took place in the heart of Algiers, destroying the colonizer's infrastructures.

    The french armygathered itsefforts inorder to abort the battle of Algiers which got an echo all over the world. The "battle of Algiers" is well exhibited in the museum : arms, hand grenades and the model of the ambush of April 09th , 1957 in the Casbah in which DjamilaBouhired was injured and arrested.Paintings of some martyrs, who died in this battle, such as, Ali La Pointe HassibaBen Bouali and little boy Omar, are exhibited .





    We don't forget the heroical role of the Algerian woman during the liberation war, in which she was: a combatant, a militant, a nurse and a liaison officer. To put an end to the Algerian Revolution, France built in both the East and West two electrified and mined lines (Challes and Morice). A model of these lines is exposed in the museum. In addition to all these, paintings of the different battles, maps, etc… are exhibited in the museum. Battles like:
  • The battle of Bouzegza1957 (wilaya4)
  • The battle of Fellaoucène1957 (wilaya5)
  • The battle of Azrar 1957(wilaya2)
  • The battle of Djebel thameur1959 (wilaya6)
  • The battle of Ouestelli 1960 (wilaya1)





    In December11th, 1960, peacefully the Algerian people came out into the streets protesting and refusing the policy of France. Unfortunately, innocent children old men and women were killed. Some photos were taken during these demonstrations during which the flags were hoisted.

    During the revolution the service of information was not neglected. It was very helpful forsensitization of the people. The voice of the Algerian Revolution spread all over the world, thanks to the radio stations. Some of these are exhibited in the museum such as; the radio station of Nador in Morocco and the one of Bamako in Mali.

    Besides, there are instruments of communication, in addition to the bureau of the chief Abdelhafid Boussouf, who created the signal service of the National Liberation Army.






    The command of the National LiberationArmy was interested in the moral aspect concerning Moudjahidine, for that purpose, it created groups of information to sensitize the population. Photo laboratories, typewriters and duplicating machines, some copies of the newspaper ElMoudjahid and the magazine El-Djeich.

    Pamphlets of sensitization used by the Political commission were exposed in the museum.

    The Agreements of Evian were the resultof the revolutionary action of a fight, which lasted for seven years. They came to crown long phases of resistance, fight and enormous sacrifices. The photos and documents illustrating this important event.

    We can also find donations of citizens and the Moudjahidine: photos, documents, personal belongings, civil and military assets having been owned by martyrs.

    To commemorate the great hero and the first chief of staff of the National Liberation Army, the museum dedicates to the former president HouariBoumediènne a gallery where are exposed his photos, documents and his personal belongings.